By Pieter W. van der Horst
During the last forty five years Professor Pieter W. van der Horst contributed commonly to the examine of historical Judaism and early Christianity. The 24 papers during this quantity, written considering the fact that his early retirement in 2006, conceal a variety of subject matters, them all in regards to the spiritual global of Judaism and Christianity within the Hellenistic, Roman, and early Byzantine period. They replicate his study pursuits in Jewish epigraphy, Jewish interpretation of the Bible, Jewish prayer tradition, the diaspora in Asia Minor, exegetical difficulties within the writings of Philo and Josephus, Samaritan heritage, texts from historic Christianity that have bought little recognition (the poems of Cyrus of Panopolis, the Doctrina Jacobi nuper baptizati, the Letter of Mara bar Sarapion), and miscellanea comparable to the pagan fantasy of Jewish cannibalism, the that means of the Greek expression ‘without God,’ the spiritual importance of sneezing in pagan antiquity, and the range of news approximately pious long-sleepers within the historical global (pagan, Jewish, Christian).
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Additional resources for Studies in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (Arbeiten zur Geschichte des antiken Judentums und des Urchristentums, Volume 87)
We will see later, even if, that this can be precisely what the rabbis understood this biblical verse to intend. besides the fact that, sooner than taking a look at the rabbinic facts, allow us to solid a short look at past postbiblical Jewish fabric. 21 The earliest postbiblical passage to be quoted is 1 En. 15:4, the place the Ethiopic textual content runs as follows: “And you [i. e. , the Watchers] have been holy ones and spirits, residing without end; yet you've got defiled yourselves with girls and with the blood of flesh you've begotten (children); with the blood of guys [or: after the daughters of men]22 you may have lusted and you've got performed as they do, (producing) blood and flesh, (which) die and perish”. 23 The expression “with the blood of flesh you might have begotten young ones” could appear to be a connection with an Aristotelian idea of the katamênia (menstrual blood) as one of many elements within the generative strategy, however it is extra possible that “the blood of flesh” refers the following both to people (who are “flesh and blood”), with whom the angels should not had had sexual activity, or to the truth that the angels had intercourse with girls in the course of their menstruation (hence “defiled yourselves,” cf. 10:11). besides the fact that, it kind of feels yes that Aristotle’s thought of the katamênia as one of many parts in embryogenesis used to be recognized in Jewish circles in view 20 21 22 23 als der passive Teil gedacht werden; vgl. Num. 5:28. Aus diesem Grunde ist für das hier unmögliche tazriaʿ entschieden tivra’ zu lesen” (! ). See A. Kunz, “Die Vorstellung von Zeugung und Schwangerschaft im antiken Israel,” ZAW 111 (1999) 561–582, esp. 566–567. He states that Lev 12:2 proves that there has been no longer a uniform conception of embryogenesis in historical Israel. “Der mit tazriaʿ umschriebene Vorgang umfasst sowohl Schwangerschaft als auch Geburt. . . . Wenn dagegen in Lev. 12:2 eine Rolle der Frau als ‘Zeugerin’ des Foetus hervortritt, die sprachlich an die Samenproduktion der Pflanzen nach Gen. 1:11 erinnert, dann muss zumindest die biologische Funktion der Frau während der Schwangerschaft ins rechte Licht gerückt worden sein” (567). M. Stol, delivery in Babylonia and the Bible: Its Mediterranean environment, Groningen: Styx, 2000, 7, states unequivocally that Lev 12:2 means that the lady actively contributes her personal seed. a really brief and incomplete survey of this fabric are available in H. J. Cadbury, “The historical Physiological Notions Underlying John I thirteen and Hebrews XI 11,” The Expositor (ser. nine) 2 (1924): 430–439, esp. 433–434; additionally in Lesky and Waszink, “Embryologie,” 1241. at the text-critical challenge the following see M. Black, The booklet of Enoch or 1 Enoch (SVTP 7), Leiden: Brill, 1985, 152. Translation (slightly tailored) by way of G. W. E. Nickelsburg, 1 Enoch 1: A remark at the e-book of one Enoch, Minneapolis: citadel, 2001, 267; see additionally E. Isaac within the outdated testomony Pseudepigrapha (ed. J. H. Charlesworth), backyard urban, N. Y. : Doubleday, 1983, 1:21. The passage refers, after all, to Gen 6:1–4. 14 bankruptcy 2 of knowledge 7:1–2: “In my mother’s womb i used to be sculpted into flesh in the course of a 10 months’ house, curdled in blood through virile seed and the excitement (pageis en haimati ek spermatos andros kai hêdonês) that's joined with sleep.